Observational studies show that psychiatric patients appreciate attention to Religion and Spirituality (R/S) in psychiatric treatment. Diverse RCT’s investigated the effect of R/S interventions in psychiatric treatment, sometimes with positive effect on treatment outcome. A positive effect might be due to a better treatment alliance (TA). Diversity in results might be due to heterogeneity of research populations and interventions. Patients’ needs and he impact of a religiosity gap between practitioner and patients are scarcely studied, whereas that might be key factors.

To examine the perceived and desired role of R/S in psychiatric care according to patients and to find out whether or not a religiosity gap is associated with TA and treatment compliance over time.

Study Design
Mixed Methods will be used. Qualitative semi-structured interviews will be carried out to explore the field thoroughly and quantitative questionnaires will follow to test developed hypotheses. A six month follow-up will be included.

Study Population
Psychiatric patients in the Netherlands of Christian belief and without specific religious orientation (atheistic/agnostic) in two mental hospitals: one of protestant Christian signature (Eleos) and a general psychiatric hospital (Altrecht).